Kidneys do a lot of work for the body. They remove wastes and excess fluid from the blood and produce hormones that affect how other organs function.
When kidneys fail (called End-Stage Renal Disease, or ESRD), patients need to work with their doctor to choose a treatment option to replace some of the work the kidneys were doing.
There are two kinds of treatment: dialysis and transplant. Dialysis and transplant are both common treatments. Hundreds of thousands of people are on dialysis, while each year approximately 20,000 people receive kidney transplants from deceased or living donors.